This model adopted, until had recently not presented problems, a time that the natural resources existed in abundance and the parcel of the population that was incorporated the consumption society still was relatively low. However with the scarcity of natural resources why they pass many regions, and the high volume of residues generated for the diverse productive activities, among them if detaches the civil construction, and the non-availability of places for deposition of these residues and with the consequent decrease in the quality of life of the society, what if it reflects in bigger consumption, appeared a new form of thought, of the sustainable development. This type of development has as objective main to guarantee the survival of the current generations without compromising the capacity of the next generations to satisfy its necessities. In the specific case of the sector of the civil construction, many are the ambient impacts to be considered, since beyond being one of the biggest individual consumers of natural resources, it also it is responsible for the generation of a considerable volume of solid residues. However, this sector also can be considered as a tool for the sustainable development, since for the diversity of the products for it consumed, becomes easy the sector to act as receiving, through the reutilizao and of the recycling, not only of its residues, as well as of other industries. However so that the civil construction can contribute positively for the ambient improvement, it is indispensable that it has an inversion of values in the model of management adopted currently in the projects and the constructive processes. The measures of corrective and isolated character need to yield place to the preventive, that they aim at to solve the problem in its origin. So that any model of adopted ambient management gets success, as any innovative idea, it is necessary that a conscience is developed in the involved professionals and the process of importance of these measures.